Here are the basic facts about the Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch:
- 7 million tons of weight
- Twice the size of Texas
- Up to 9 feet deep
- In the Great Pacific Ocean Gyre there is 6 times more plastic than plankton, which the main food for many ocean animals
- By estimation 80% of the plastic originates from land; floating in rivers to the ocean or blew by the wind into the ocean
- The remaining 20% of the plastic originates from oil platforms and ships
- According scientist it is the largest plastic dump on earth; so plastic patches are larger than waste dumps on land
- Scientific research from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California U.S. shows that 5 to 10% of fish contain small pieces of plastic.
- Many plastics never biodegrade; they simply break into smaller and smaller pieces
- Scientists have collected up to 1.9 million bits per square mile in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch
- Plastic products can be very harmful to marine life in the gyre. For instance, loggerhead sea turtles often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish, their favorite food.
- Marine debris can also disturb marine food webs in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. As micro-plastics and other trash collect on the surface of the ocean, they block sunlight from reaching plankton and algae below.
- If algae and plankton communities are threatened, the entire food web may change. Animals such as fish and turtles that feed on algae and plankton will have less food, and in turn predatory animals will also have less.
- Trash from the coast of North America takes about six years to reach the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, while trash from Japan and other Asian countries takes about a year.
- Because the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is so far from any country’s coastline, no nation will take responsibility or provide the funding to clean it up.
- Additionally, no one can reach the trash that has already sunk to the ocean floor.
“Great Pacific Garbage Patch.” National Geographic Education. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
Water sample taken from the gyre…
Kabel was designed in 1927 by Rudolf Koch. This sans-serif font is based on basic geometric shapes, such as circles, squares and triangles. It was influenced by the Bauhaus movement, and perfectly summed up the extravagance and ornamentation of the Art Deco movement. Its geometric properties oftentimes get it confused with Futura, however its lowercase ‘b’ lacks a spur, and many of its uppercase letters do not sit flush to the baseline or capline
Haley, Allan. Typography, Referenced: A Comprehensive Visual Guide to the Language, History, and Practice of Typography. Beverly, MA.: Rockport, 2012. 177. Print.
For my project, I want to use the letters of Kabel artistically as pieces of trash floating in an ocean, forming words and facts,but ultimately looking like litter. I chose this font because of the basic geometric shapes it creates. I hope to hae the letters incorporated into some fish and other swimming creatures as well, to demonstrate the effects that plastic bits have on our seafood.